# Natural Gas Pipe Sizing Calculator Online Tool

Contents

# Natural Gas Pipe Sizing Calculator

## Result

# Natural Gas Pipe Sizing

Creating a natural gas pipe sizing calculator involves considering factors such as the type of gas, gas pressure, pipe length, and desired flow rate. Below is a simplified version of the calculations you would need to perform:

**Determine the gas flow rate (Q):**- The gas flow rate is typically measured in cubic feet per hour (CFH).

**Calculate the required pipe diameter using the formula:**

where:- D is the pipe diameter,
- Q is the flow rate,
- Z is a constant based on the type of gas,
- P is the gas pressure,
- T is the gas temperature.

**Adjust for pipe length and pressure drop:**- Use the appropriate charts or tables to adjust for the length of the pipe and the allowable pressure drop.

**Refer to standard pipe sizing charts:**- After calculating the required diameter, refer to standard pipe sizing charts to find the appropriate pipe size.

The formula for natural gas pipe sizing typically involves a set of calculations to ensure that the gas flow is sufficient for the demand while keeping the pressure drop within acceptable limits. The basic principles revolve around fluid dynamics and thermodynamics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

### Fundamental Equations

**Ideal Gas Law:**PV=nRTWhere:

- P = Pressure
- V= Volume
- n = Number of moles
- R = Ideal gas constant
- $T$ = Temperature

**Darcy-Weisbach Equation:**

Where:- ΔP = Pressure drop
- f = Friction factor
- L = Length of pipe
- $D$ = Diameter of pipe
- ρ = Density of gas
- v= Velocity of gas

**Flow Rate Equation:**Q=vAWhere:

- Q = Flow rate
- $v$ = Velocity
- $A$ = Cross-sectional area

### Simplified Calculation

For practical purposes, engineers use simplified versions of these equations based on empirical data and industry standards. One common simplified method is based on the Weymouth equation or other similar empirical formulas.

#### Example Using Simplified Empirical Formula

A commonly used empirical formula for natural gas pipe sizing is derived from the General Gas Equation for low-pressure systems:

Where:

- D = Pipe diameter (inches)
- Q = Flow rate (cubic feet per hour, CFH)
- Z = Gas constant (depends on gas type; often around 0.02 for natural gas)
- P = Gas pressure (psi)
- $T$ = Gas temperature (Rankine, °F+459.67)

### Adjustments for Pipe Length and Pressure Drop

After calculating the initial pipe diameter, adjustments are made for pipe length and allowable pressure drop. These adjustments are typically made using tables or additional empirical formulas.

### Step-by-Step Calculation Example

**Determine Flow Rate:**- Example: $1000$ CFH

**Determine Gas Pressure:**- Example: $2$ psi

**Determine Gas Temperature:**- Example: $60$ °F (which is $=519.67$ Rankine)

**Use the Formula to Calculate Initial Diameter:****Adjust for Pipe Length (Simplified):**

### Conclusion

This simplified calculation provides an initial estimate. In real-world applications, more detailed calculations and adjustments are made using specific industry-standard charts and tables to ensure the pipe size meets all requirements for safety and efficiency.

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