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Copper piping size chart

Copper piping size chart

Copper piping size chart

A copper piping size chart typically provides information on the various outer diameters, inner diameters, and wall thicknesses for different sizes of copper pipes, which are commonly used in plumbing and HVAC systems. The sizes are usually listed in both imperial (inches) and metric (millimeters) units. Here are some common sizes you might find on such a chart:

  1. Nominal Pipe Size (NPS) – This is often the nominal diameter used to describe the pipe.
  2. Outer Diameter (OD) – The total exterior diameter of the pipe.
  3. Inner Diameter (ID) – The total interior diameter, which dictates the flow area.
  4. Wall Thickness – This dimension affects the strength and the flow capacity.

Example of Common Copper Pipe Sizes:

  • 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) OD, 0.191 inch (4.85 mm) ID, 0.030 inch (0.76 mm) Wall Thickness
  • 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) OD, 0.402 inch (10.21 mm) ID, 0.049 inch (1.24 mm) Wall Thickness
  • 3/4 inch (19.05 mm) OD, 0.652 inch (16.56 mm) ID, 0.045 inch (1.14 mm) Wall Thickness
  • 1 inch (25.4 mm) OD, 0.884 inch (22.46 mm) ID, 0.050 inch (1.27 mm) Wall Thickness

These dimensions can vary based on the type of copper pipe (e.g., Type K, Type L, Type M, which differ in wall thickness and are used for different applications). If you need a specific chart or are looking for particular details, I can help further with that!

Table of copper piping size chart from size 1/18 in to 5 in

Below is a table representing common sizes for copper pipes ranging from 1/8 inch to 5 inches in outer diameter. Note that for the exact dimensions, especially for the sizes beyond standard small diameters, it’s important to reference specific manufacturer specifications or standards such as those from the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). This table includes approximate values for Outer Diameter (OD), Inner Diameter (ID), and Wall Thickness, which can vary especially for the larger sizes depending on the pipe type (e.g., Type K, L, M):

Nominal Size (Inches) Outer Diameter (OD) (Inches) Inner Diameter (ID) (Inches) Wall Thickness (Inches)
1/8 0.125 0.065 0.030
1/4 0.375 0.305 0.035
3/8 0.5 0.402 0.049
1/2 0.625 0.527 0.049
3/4 0.875 0.745 0.065
1 1.125 0.995 0.065
1 1/4 1.375 1.245 0.065
1 1/2 1.625 1.481 0.072
2 2.125 1.959 0.083
2 1/2 2.625 2.435 0.095
3 3.125 2.907 0.109
4 4.125 3.834 0.145
5 5.125 4.805 0.160

This table assumes the use of Type L copper pipe, which is commonly used in plumbing applications for its balance between strength and ductility. If you’re using a different type (K or M) or have specific pressure or temperature requirements, these dimensions might change slightly.

What is copper tubing/piping?

Copper tubing/piping is a type of pipe made from copper, a ductile and malleable metal with excellent thermal and electrical conductivity properties. It’s widely used in plumbing, heating, cooling, and various industrial applications due to its durability, reliability, and resistance to corrosion. Here are some key aspects of copper piping:

  1. Material Properties: Copper is naturally corrosion-resistant, making it suitable for use in various environments. It can handle high temperatures and pressures, which is essential for both residential and commercial plumbing systems.
  2. Types of Copper Pipes: Copper pipes come in several types, primarily differentiated by their wall thickness:
    • Type K: Has the thickest wall, making it suitable for underground installations such as water mains and as a service line for bringing water into a building.
    • Type L: Slightly thinner than Type K, it is commonly used inside buildings for water supply and in heating applications.
    • Type M: Thinner walls than Types K and L, making it less expensive and practical for indoor water applications where the pressure is moderate.
    • Type DWV (Drain, Waste, Vent): Even thinner walls, used primarily for drain, waste, and vent lines.
  3. Applications:
    • Plumbing: Used extensively for domestic water supply lines and hot water systems due to its resistance to bacteria and heat.
    • HVAC Systems: Utilized in HVAC systems for refrigerant lines in air conditioning and refrigeration units.
    • Medical Gases and Vacuum Lines: Due to its non-permeable nature, it’s also used in medical gas systems and for vacuum lines.
  4. Joining Techniques: Copper pipes can be joined using various methods, including soldering, brazing, or using mechanical fittings. Soldering is the most common method for residential plumbing.
  5. Environmental Impact: Copper is a sustainable material as it is 100% recyclable without any loss of quality. Many copper pipes are made from recycled copper.
  6. Cost and Maintenance: While copper piping is generally more expensive than alternatives like PVC or PEX, its longevity and reliability can offset the initial higher cost over time. It requires minimal maintenance if installed correctly.

Overall, copper piping is a preferred choice for many applications due to its long lifespan, minimal maintenance requirements, and strong performance in a variety of conditions.

Copper piping and tubing specifications

Copper piping and tubing specifications are critical for ensuring that the material used in various applications meets the necessary standards for safety, performance, and durability. These specifications cover dimensions, material grades, pressure ratings, and other characteristics. Here’s a detailed look at some of the primary specifications used for copper pipes and tubes:

1. ASTM Standards

  • ASTM B88: This is the standard specification for seamless copper water tubes and includes three wall thicknesses: Type K, L, and M. It is commonly used in building construction for water supply and distribution systems.
  • ASTM B280: Standard specification for seamless copper tube for air conditioning and refrigeration field service. This specification covers tubes that are suitable for use in the connection, repairs, or alterations of air conditioning or refrigeration units.
  • ASTM B819: Specifies seamless copper tube for medical gas systems. It covers strict requirements for clean and degreased copper tubing suitable for use with medical gases.

2. Dimensions

  • Outer Diameter (OD): Ranges from 1/8 inch to 12 inches, typically used in various applications from residential to industrial.
  • Wall Thickness: Varies according to the type designation (K, L, M, DWV), with each type serving different pressure and mechanical requirements.
  • Length: Copper tubes are typically available in standard lengths of 12 or 20 feet but can be customized.

3. Material Grades

  • Copper pipes are made from copper alloys, with the most common being C12200, which is a phosphorus-deoxidized copper. It’s suitable for welding and brazing and has excellent corrosion resistance.

4. Pressure Ratings

  • Pressure ratings for copper tubes depend on the type and size of the tubing and the operating temperature. For example, Type K has the highest pressure rating due to its thicker wall, making it suitable for underground installations like main water lines.

5. Temper

  • Soft (annealed): Soft copper can be easily bent and is typically used in applications where the tube needs to be shaped, such as in refrigerant lines or in tight spaces.
  • Hard (drawn): Hard copper is more rigid and is used where straight runs are possible. It is commonly used in water lines and HVAC systems.

6. Applications

  • The specifications will differ based on the application, whether it’s for plumbing, HVAC, medical gases, or other specialized uses. Each application may require a different type of copper, wall thickness, and pressure rating.

When choosing copper piping or tubing, it’s important to refer to these specifications to ensure compatibility with the intended use and compliance with local building codes and regulations. These standards help in selecting the right type of copper tubing that will provide reliable service under the expected conditions of use.

Working pressure of Standard Copper Tube

The working pressure of standard copper tubing can vary significantly depending on the type of copper tube, its diameter, wall thickness, and the temperature at which it is operating. Copper tubing for plumbing and HVAC systems is classified into several types, each designed for specific pressure and environmental conditions.

Here are the general guidelines for working pressures for the most common types of copper tubes used in plumbing and HVAC systems, specifically Type K, L, M, and DWV:

1. Type K Copper Tubing

  • Thickest wall among the three types used for general plumbing and heating.
  • Suitable for high-pressure applications and underground installations.
  • Typical working pressure ranges can be from 1,000 psi for small diameters (1/4 inch) to about 400 psi for larger diameters (4 inches) at room temperature.

2. Type L Copper Tubing

  • Moderately thick wall, making it a good choice for both residential and commercial plumbing.
  • Used in interior plumbing and some HVAC applications.
  • Typical working pressure ranges from about 750 psi for small diameters (1/4 inch) to 300 psi for larger diameters (4 inches) at room temperature.

3. Type M Copper Tubing

  • Thinner wall compared to Type K and L, suitable for lower pressure applications.
  • Commonly used in residential water supply and heating systems.
  • Typical working pressure ranges from about 600 psi for small diameters (1/4 inch) to 250 psi for larger diameters (4 inches) at room temperature.

4. Type DWV Copper Tubing

  • Thinnest wall, primarily used for drain, waste, and vent applications where pressure is not a concern.
  • Not rated for pressure applications.

Temperature Consideration

The working pressures mentioned are generally rated at or below room temperature (around 20°C or 68°F). Copper tubing can withstand higher temperatures, but the pressure rating decreases as the temperature increases. For example, if the temperature goes up, the maximum allowable pressure for the copper pipe will decrease.

It’s essential to consult specific product specifications or standards (such as ASTM B88 for water tubes) when selecting copper tubing for specific applications to ensure safety and compliance with all applicable codes.

Table for Working pressure of Standard Copper Tube from size 1/8 in to 5 in

Below is a table that shows the approximate working pressure ratings for standard copper tubing types (K, L, M) across sizes ranging from 1/8 inch to 5 inches at room temperature (around 20°C or 68°F). The pressures are in pounds per square inch (psi). These are typical values and should be used as a general guide. Specific applications may require confirmation from detailed manufacturer data or relevant standards.

Nominal Size (Inches) Type K (psi) Type L (psi) Type M (psi)
1/8 1,200 800 620
1/4 1,000 750 600
3/8 900 700 560
1/2 850 680 530
3/4 780 650 500
1 730 620 480
1 1/4 700 590 450
1 1/2 670 580 440
2 620 550 420
2 1/2 580 530 400
3 550 510 380
4 510 480 350
5 480 460 330

Key Points:

  • Type K: Has the highest pressure rating, suitable for high-pressure applications and underground service.
  • Type L: Balances pressure resistance and wall thickness, widely used in residential and commercial plumbing.
  • Type M: Offers less pressure resistance due to thinner walls, generally used for indoor water supply and heating applications.
  • Temperature Effects: Pressure ratings decrease with increasing temperature.

This table assumes the pipes are new and in good condition. Always consult with a professional and check local codes and manufacturer specifications when planning installations that involve significant pressure or other critical factors.

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